Population Distribution

As of 2023, the latest population of Yemen is 29,884,405, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Total population 29,884,405
Population growth rate 2.04%
Birth rate 28.40 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall life expectancy 64.47 years
Men life expectancy 62.39 years
Women life expectancy 66.65 years
Age structure
0-14 years 39.16%
15-64 years 58.04%
65 years and above 2.80%
Median age 18.90 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 1.03
Population density 56.60 residents per km²
Urbanization 25.60%
mainly Arabs, but also Afro-Arabs, South Asians, Europeans
Muslims including Shaf’i (Sunni) and Zaydi (Shi’a), as well as Jews, Christians and Hindus in small numbers
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.463
HDI ranking 177th out of 194

People in Yemen

The population in Yemen is growing steadily. Many people are very young, almost half of them are under 15 years of age. On average, every woman has 3.91 children, which is a lot. Most of the residents are Arabs. A few Bedouins who roam the country with their herds of cattle also live in Yemen. There are also always refugees, for example from Somalia. Many people try to save themselves in boats in Yemen. In Yemen they mostly live in camps. In addition, there are now many refugees from their own country who are referred to as internally displaced persons.

34 out of 100 people live in cities. More and more people are moving from the countryside to the city in the hope of finding better living conditions there.

Languages in Yemen

Standard Arabic is used as the language. But there are also different dialects, such as that of the Bedouins, and also languages ​​from the south of Arabia. English is mostly taught as a foreign language. However, only a few and more educated people in the big cities speak this.

Religions in Yemen

Most of the people in Yemen are Muslim and the majority of them are Sunnis. But not a few, more than 30 out of 100, are also Shiites. The Islam is the state religion in Yemen. Officially there is such a thing as freedom of belief, but this is not implemented everywhere.

Yemen Overview

Yemen, located on the southern tip of the Arabian Peninsula, is famous for its ancient history, rich cultural heritage, and stunning landscapes. The country is renowned for its historic cities, such as Sana’a with its distinctive mud-brick architecture and Shibam, known as the “Manhattan of the desert” for its towering mud skyscrapers. Yemen’s vibrant souks, traditional coffee culture, and UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the old city of Zabid and the island of Socotra, attract visitors seeking a glimpse into the country’s storied past and natural beauty despite ongoing political and humanitarian challenges.

  • Capital City: Sana’a
  • Population: Approximately 29.8 million
  • Area: 527,968 square kilometers
  • Full Country Name: Republic of Yemen
  • Currency: Yemeni rial (YER)
  • Language: Arabic
  • ISO Country Codes: ISO 3166-1 alpha-2: YE, ISO 3166-1 alpha-3: YEM

Bordering Countries of Yemen

Yemen is a Middle Eastern country located in the southwestern corner of the Arabian Peninsula, bordered by Saudi Arabia to the north, Oman to the east and the Red Sea to the west. It is home to a range of diverse landscapes, from rugged mountains and deserts in its interior to lush coastal plains along its shore.

Yemen has strong economic ties with its bordering countries due to its strategic location at the crossroads of several major trade routes. Trade between Yemen and its neighbours is essential for both sides, with Saudi Arabia being Yemen’s largest trading partner. In addition, there are also strong cultural ties between Yemen and its neighbouring countries due to their shared history and culture.

The relationship between Yemen and its neighbours is mostly friendly despite occasional disputes over matters such as border control or illegal immigration. In recent years there have been efforts by both sides to improve relations as well as increased trade between them for mutual benefit. For example, Yemen has signed several free trade agreements with neighbouring countries that have helped boost economic growth in both nations. Furthermore, there have been efforts by all sides to promote regional stability through joint military exercises or peacekeeping operations in conflict zones such as Somalia or Djibouti.


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